Monday, August 31, 2015

Case Digest: Begino v. ABS-CBN

NELSON V. BEGINO, GENER DEL VALLE, MONINA A VILA-LLORIN AND MA. CRISTINA SUMAYAO, Petitioners, vs. ABS-CBN CORPORATION (FORMERLY, ABS-CBN BROADCASTING CORPORATION) AND AMALIA VILLAFUERTE, Respondents.

G.R. No. 199166, 20 April 2015.

PEREZ, J.:

Respondent ABS-CBN, through Respondent Villafuerte, engaged the services of Petitioners as cameramen, editors or reporters for TV Broadcasting. Petitioners signed regularly renewed Talent Contracts (3 months - 1 year) and Project Assignment Forms which detailed the duration, budget and daily technical requirements of a particular project. Petitioners were tasked with coverage of news items for subsequent daily airings in Respondents’ TV Patrol Bicol Program.

The Talent Contract has an exclusivity clause and provides that nothing therein shall be deemed or construed to establish an employer-employee relationship between the parties.

Petitioners filed against Respondents a complaint for regularization before the NLRC's Arbitration branch.

In support of their complaint, Petitioners claimed that they worked under the direct control of Respondent Villafuerte - they were mandated to wear company IDs, they were provided the necessary equipment, they were informed about the news to be covered the following day, and they were bound by the company’s policy on attendance and punctuality.

Respondents countered that, pursuant to their Talent Contracts and Project Assignment Forms, Petitioners were hired as talents to act as reporters, editors and/or cameramen. Respondents further claimed they never imposed control as to how Petitioners discharged their duties. At most, they were briefed regarding the general requirements of the project to be executed.

While the case was pending, Petitioners contracts were terminated, prompting the latter to file a second complaint for illegal dismissal.

The Arbitration Branch ruled that Petitioners were regular employees, and ordered Respondents to reinstate the Petitioners.

The NLRC affirmed the ruling, but the CA overturned the decision.

ISSUE: W/N Petitioners are regular employees of Respondents.

RULING: Yes.

Of the criteria to determine whether there is an employer-employee relationship, the so-called "control test" is generally regarded as the most crucial and determinative indicator of the said relationship.

Under this test, an employer-employee relationship is said to exist where the person for whom the services are performed reserves the right to control not only the end result but also the manner and means utilized to achieve the same.

Notwithstanding the nomenclature of their Talent Contracts and/or Project Assignment Forms and the terms and condition embodied therein, petitioners are regular employees of ABS-CBN.

As cameramen, editors and reporters, it appears that Petitioners were subject to the control and supervision of Respondents which provided them with the equipment essential for the discharge of their functions. The exclusivity clause and prohibitions in their Talent Contract were likewise indicative of Respondents' control over them, however obliquely worded.

Also,the presumption is that when the work done is an integral part of the regular business of the employer and when the worker does not furnish an independent business or professional service, such work is a regular employment of such employee and not an independent contractor.

3 comments:

  1. Awesome work.Just wanted to drop a comment and say I am new to your blog and really like what I am reading.Thanks for the share

    ReplyDelete
  2. Mga sir and maam and future kagalang galang na mga tagapagtanggol sa hukuman... I need your help in my academic requirement... I wont be able to pay you in return but your service would be so highly appreciated... I need to ask and get answers to these questions from law students. Questions 1-10 po. Required po kasi law student ang tatanungin... salamat po ng marami... God bless.

    Here are the questions:
    Instruction:
    -Read carefully the queries and be responsible to the question.
    -Indicate the basis that makes the action/decision legal.

    1. Identify the constitutional basis of security of tenure and to what extent is it applied.

    2. Differentiate constitutional due process to statutory due process.

    3. Discuss briefly the kinds of causes or grounds to terminate employment by employer.

    4. Buddy was one of approximately 500 call center agents at EAON SKY,Inc. He was hired as a contractual employee four years ago. His contracts would be for a duration of five months at a time, usually after a one month interval. His re-hiring was contingent on his performance for the immediately preceding contract. Six months after the expiration of his last contract, Buddy went to EAON SKY personnel department to inquire why he was not yet being recalled to work. He was told that his performance during his last contract was "below average." Buddy seeks your legal advice about his charges of getting his job back. What will your advice be ?

    6. Sophia has been working as a steward with a Miami, U.S.A-based loyal cruise lines for the past 15 years. She was recruited by a local manning agency, Macapagal Shipping, and was made to sign a 10- month employment contract everytime ahe left for Miami . Macapagal Shipping paid for Sophia's round- trip travel expenses from Manila to Miami. Because of a food poisoning incident which happened during her last cruise assignment , Sophia was not re-hired. Sophia claims she has been illegally terminated and seeks separation pay. If you were the labor arbiter handling the case, how would you decide?

    7. Determine cases where employment relationship does not exist.

    8. Briefly discuss the battered woman's leave and gynecological disorder leave.

    9. Give the importance of maternity leave, paternity leave and parental leave.

    10. Give the significance of republic act 9710 known as the Magna Carta of women.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Mga sir and maam and future kagalang galang na mga tagapagtanggol sa hukuman... I need your help in my academic requirement... I wont be able to pay you in return but your service would be so highly appreciated... I need to ask and get answers to these questions from law students. Questions 1-10 po. Required po kasi law student ang tatanungin... salamat po ng marami... God bless.

    Here are the questions:
    Instruction:
    -Read carefully the queries and be responsible to the question.
    -Indicate the basis that makes the action/decision legal.

    1. Identify the constitutional basis of security of tenure and to what extent is it applied.

    2. Differentiate constitutional due process to statutory due process.

    3. Discuss briefly the kinds of causes or grounds to terminate employment by employer.

    4. Buddy was one of approximately 500 call center agents at EAON SKY,Inc. He was hired as a contractual employee four years ago. His contracts would be for a duration of five months at a time, usually after a one month interval. His re-hiring was contingent on his performance for the immediately preceding contract. Six months after the expiration of his last contract, Buddy went to EAON SKY personnel department to inquire why he was not yet being recalled to work. He was told that his performance during his last contract was "below average." Buddy seeks your legal advice about his charges of getting his job back. What will your advice be ?

    6. Sophia has been working as a steward with a Miami, U.S.A-based loyal cruise lines for the past 15 years. She was recruited by a local manning agency, Macapagal Shipping, and was made to sign a 10- month employment contract everytime ahe left for Miami . Macapagal Shipping paid for Sophia's round- trip travel expenses from Manila to Miami. Because of a food poisoning incident which happened during her last cruise assignment , Sophia was not re-hired. Sophia claims she has been illegally terminated and seeks separation pay. If you were the labor arbiter handling the case, how would you decide?

    7. Determine cases where employment relationship does not exist.

    8. Briefly discuss the battered woman's leave and gynecological disorder leave.

    9. Give the importance of maternity leave, paternity leave and parental leave.

    10. Give the significance of republic act 9710 known as the Magna Carta of women.

    ReplyDelete

Custom Search